Our invitation activity this week has been fine motor based. The table is set with a choice of squiggles drawn on black paper. Two bowls of dragon tears, otherwise known as flat glass beads, sit to the side. This invitation is open to interpretation by the children. Some choose to use the dragon tears to “follow” the line. Others create their own designs. Either way, little finger muscles must grasp each tear and place it in the desired position.
Just another fun way to exercise some very small muscles.
The children were trying to figure out how they might convert our loft into a more comfortable spot for hibernating or adapting through the winter. A few ideas sprang forward including making a burrow under the bottom, creating cave walls on the lower portion, and making beds in all areas. While a few debated the possibilities, another group began scouting out the top of the loft. They explained that they needed to find materials to make a nest that they wouldn’t fall out of. Their plan was to create a nest and suspend it from the balcony banister. Thankfully, they realized the trouble with flimsy grass-like materials in creating suspension beds before any human trials were put forward.
Feeling that I might be able to provide them with some more safe examples of nest building, we pulled up good ‘ole Google images and perused nests of all sorts. Now our interest became more fully grounded in materials. Our quest to create the perfect nest began.
This project is not yet done, but if you’re interested in making your own, here are the materials we used so far:
- brown paper (grass)
- yellow paper (sticks)
- many colors and lengths of raffia string
- white and red Basket Box & Bag shred
We moved it into the box as none of the children have yet come up with a plan for “sewing” (their words) or sticking the nest together, yet. Although one enterprising student did suggest that I could tie all of the pieces together…. I think we’ll see if they come up with another suggestion.
Between the ages of 3-6, children spend large amounts of time honing their fine motor skills. As adults, we take controlling the tiny ballet of movement within our hands and wrists for granted. Children, developing from the trunk outward, have a much better grasp of motions involving their entire arm. This is why many young creators use both a fist grip and large sweeping motions either from their elbow or shoulder. Practice controlling these muscles is the only way provide growth. The funny thing is that children are built to learn this skill. They naturally seek out activities that hone their use of all the fine motor muscles. Below are some of the ways children choose to practice in our class.
Arranging and creating designs using found objects.
Manipulating small toys.
The most recognizable one: choosing to color or draw as a fun past-time.
All of these activities are self chosen. Of course we incorporate many other opportunities for fine motor use throughout the day, but I find the ones they choose most interesting.
Our sensory, or touch, table made its first appearance the other day. It is filled with colored beans. I actually prepped the table the first full week of school, but haven’t had the opportunity to introduce it to the class. In true Responsive Classroom style, we used guided discovery to find out more about the new materials. As you can see in the picture above, the class did an amazing job of following directions and listening with their whole bodies as I explained the basics of the bin. Here we are touching them for the first time:
A few moments later, beans were flying, giggles ensued and happiness permeated the atmosphere. The children were measuring beans into containers, placing individual beans in upside-down funnels and creating flavor concoctions.
Fine motor ability is one of the many important skills we continually practice in Pre-K. Fine motor skills involve working the small muscles of our bodies to complete tasks such as writing, cutting, grasping objects, fastening clothing, and much more. Strengthening these skills helps set a foundation for the work children will need to complete later on in their educational careers. Children will continue working on their fine motor skills for the majority of their childhoods, however even adults (musicians, jewelry makers, physicians, machinists, etc.) continue to hone these skills to improve their dexterity and control required for their jobs.
Dr. L. Fleming Fallon Jr. explains, “The central nervous system is still in the process of maturing sufficiently for complex messages from the brain to get to a child’s fingers. In addition, small muscles tire more easily than large ones, and the short, stubby fingers of preschoolers make delicate or complicated tasks more difficult. Finally, gross motor skills call for energy, which is boundless in preschoolers, while fine motor skills require patience, which is in shorter supply. Thus, there is considerable variation in fine motor development among children of this age group.”
If you would like to help your child strengthen their fine motor skills at home, we suggest doing simple activities that children already enjoy doing. This can be anything from helping to mix the batter while baking, playing with/squeezing play dough or clay, beading necklaces or bracelets, cutting with scissors, or playing with puzzles. Even playing on the monkey bars helps to tone and shape the same muscles they will use to write their names. All these activities will give your child the opportunity to work out those hand and arm muscles which in turn helps to strengthen their motor control, flexibility, and dexterity.